Levels of Processing and Memory essaysCraik and Lockhart (1972) developed a theory in which they discussed the levels of processing. The theory states, the more a word is processed, due to its meaning, the better the word is retained.
An example of a typical levelsofprocessing experiment will serve to illustrate how the concept is operationally defined. Hyde and Jenkins (1973) manipulated the orienting task of a number of groups of experimental subjects.
Memory is a process of storing and retrieving information and experiences. Information received makes its way into our memory through our senses. The first step in restoring memory is our senses, if our senses are not working properly then there is Craik and Lockhart (1972) developed a theory in which they discussed the levels of processing.
The theory states, the more a word is processed, due to its meaning, the better the word is retained. The levels of processing theory focuses on the processes involved in memory, and thus ignores the structures. There is evidence to support the idea of memory structures such as STM and LTM as the MultiStore Model proposed (e. g. These results support other studies on the depth of processing on recall effects in STM research (Craik& Tulving, 1975; Rose, Myerson, Roediger III, & Hale, 2010; Loaiza, McCabe, Youngblood, Rose, & Myerson, 2011) and in turn support the Levels of Processing theory as proposed by Craik and Lockhart (1972).
Keywords: levels of processing, encoding specificity, rhyming, category Levels of Processing and Encoding Specificity Craik and Lockharts (1972) levels of processing model introduces a shallow and deep processing system as a route to which information enters into long term memory. Essay on The Memory Theories of Levels of Processing This research tests the memory theories of levels of processing proposed by Craik and Lockhart (1972) and encoding specificity presented by Wiseman and Tulving (1976).
Encoding Processes: Levels of Processing and Existing Knowledge Structures1 Jerry C. Olson, Pennsylvania State University ABSTRACT This paper summarizes the basic ideas associated with Craik and Lockhart's (1972) levelsofprocessing framework for memory research.